On History Day – August 3 – Almanac
Today is Tuesday August 3, the 215th day of 2021 with 150 to follow.
The moon is declining. The morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
People born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Elisha Graves Otis, inventor of the modern elevator, in 1811; World War II correspondent Ernie Pyle in 1900; “Trial of the Apes” accused John Scopes in 1900; singer Tony Bennett in 1926 (age 95); Football Hall of Fame member Lance Alworth in 1940 (81); actor Martin Sheen in 1940 (81 years old); Martha Stewart, television personality and lifestyle consultant in 1941 (80); director John Landis in 1950 (71); member of the Marcel Dionne Hockey Hall of Fame in 1951 (70 years old); Metallica singer James Hetfield in 1963 (58); actor Isaiah Washington in 1963 (58); actor Lisa Ann Walter in 1963 (58); actor Melissa Ponzio in 1972 (49); actor Michael Ealy in 1973 (48); professional football quarterback Tom Brady in 1977 (44); actor Evangeline Lilly in 1979 (42); actor Hannah Simone in 1980 (41); Olympic gold medalist swimmer Ryan Lochte in 1984 (37); model Karlie Kloss in 1992 (29).
At this date in history:
In 1492, Christopher Columbus left Spain, seeking a western route to India, with a convoy of three small ships – the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria – and less than 100 crew members. They reached dry land in Guanahani, a Caribbean island, on October 12.
In 1914, Germany declared war on France and invaded Belgium. The next day Britain declared war on Germany and World War I was on.
In 1923, by the dim light of a flickering oil lamp on a small farm in Plymouth, Vermont, his hometown, Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as President of the United States following the unexpected death of President Warren G Harding.
In 1943, General George Patton slapped Private Charles Kuhl, who was in a military hospital in Sicily. Kuhl was the first of two soldiers hospitalized for shock that Patton slapped and berated this month, accusing them of cowardice. The general was then forced to apologize.
In 1958, the American nuclear submarine Nautilus passed under the North Pole.
In 1975, a chartered Boeing 707 airliner carrying Moroccan immigrant workers from France to their families for summer vacation crashed into a mountainside in Agadir, Morocco, killing all 188 people on board.
In 1981, American air traffic controllers went on strike. The strikers were fired within a week.
In 1990, the prime ministers of East and West Germany agreed to postpone unification until early autumn and postponed the all-German elections until October 14.
In 2004, the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor was opened to the public for the first time since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States.
In 2005, during the first emergency repair in space, astronauts solved a potentially dangerous problem by removing two strips of fabric protruding from the underside of Space Shuttle Discovery.
In 2007, the United States Congress passed a bill authorizing the National Security Agency to monitor email and telephone communications between the United States and foreign countries without a warrant if terrorism was suspected to be involved.
In 2008, the formerly exiled Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn, whose works revealed the harshness of the Soviet penal system, died at the age of 89. A day in the life of Ivan Denisovich had been ill for years.
In 2008, People magazine published the first photos of Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s newborn twins, Vivienne and Knox, after paying up to $ 14 million, the highest amount ever paid for baby photos. .
In 2010, a beer and wine distribution driver in Manchester, Connecticut, who was allegedly caught stealing beer, engaged in a shooting after a disciplinary hearing at the company, killing eight people and him -same.
In 2014, an earthquake in Yunnan province (southern China) left nearly 400 dead, 1,800 injured and destroyed thousands of homes.
In 2019, a gunman targeting immigrants opened fire on a Walmart in El Paso, Texas, killing 22 people and injuring 23 others.
In 2020, amid multiple financial scandals, former Spanish king Juan Carlos I announced that he was planning to leave the country in voluntary exile.
Thought for the day: “Things are not always as simple as in black and white.” – Anglo-Zimbabwean writer Doris Lessing